Tuesday, 17 April 2018

10 symtomps of hemophilia you should know about

World Hemophilia Day is an international observance held annually on April 17 by the WFH (World Federation of Hemophilia). It is an awareness day for hemophilia and other bleeding disorders, which also serves to raise funds and attract volunteers for the WFH. Hemophilia is quite rare. Only 1 in 10,000 people are born with it. This year the theme of Hemophilia is “Sharing Knowledge makes us stronger.”
Hemophilia is an inherited bleeding disorder in which a person lacks or has low levels of certain proteins called “clotting factors” and as a result, the blood doesn’t clot properly. This can lead to spontaneous bleeding as well as bleeding following injuries or surgery. Blood contains many proteins called clotting factors; clotting factor is a protein in blood that controls bleeding that can help to stop bleeding.  People with hemophilia have low levels of either factor VIII (8) or factor IX (9). The severity of hemophilia that a person has is determined by the amount of factor in the blood. The lower the amount of the factor, the more likely it is that bleeding will occur which can lead to serious health problems.

There are several different types of hemophilia. The following two are the most common:
Hemophilia A (Classic Hemophilia)-This type is caused by a lack or decrease of clotting factor VIII.
Hemophilia B (Christmas disease)-This type is caused by a lack or decrease of clotting factor IX.

Symptoms of Hemophilia:
  1. Bleeding into the joints: Bleeding within joints that can lead to chronic joint disease, swelling and pain or tightness; it often affects the knees, elbows, and ankles.
  2. Bleeding in the head and sometimes in the brain which can cause long-term problems, such as seizures and paralysis.
  3. Bleeding into the skin (which is bruising) or muscle and soft tissue causing a build-up of blood in the area (called a hematoma).
  4. Bleeding from the mouth and gums, and bleeding that is hard to stop after losing a tooth.
  5. Bleeding after circumcision (surgery performed on male babies to remove the hood of skin, called the foreskin, covering the head of the penis).
  6. Bleeding after having shots, such as vaccinations.
  7. Bleeding in the head of an infant after a difficult delivery.
  8. Blood in the urine or stool.
  9. Frequent and hard-to-stop nosebleeds.
  10. Death can occur if the bleeding cannot be stopped or if it occurs in a vital organ such as the brain.
  • Get an annual comprehensive checkup at a hemophilia treatment center.
  • Get vaccinated—Hepatitis A and B are preventable.
  • Treat bleeds early and adequately.
  • Exercise and maintain a healthy weight to protect your joints.
  • Get tested regularly for blood-borne infections.

Friday, 23 March 2018

Tuberculosis - Wanted: Leaders For a TB Free World

What is Tuberculosis (TB) and what is being done to prevent the spread of this disease?

Though there are various other members of M. tuberculosis, the principal reason of Tuberculosis (TB) in a human being is the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. WHO considers TB to be a worldwide pandemic and presence of TB victims are mostly located in African and Asian countries. The potential of damage that can be caused by TB to a human being have well been understood now and WHO has declared TB as a global emergency. Various steps are being taken to eradicate TB from the face of the earth and awareness programme about Tuberculosis (TB) is being conducted so that people may take care of themselves in a qualified way.

Kinds of Tuberculosis (TB): Normally two kinds of TB infections are identified by the Doctors. These are as follows:

1.    The latent Tuberculosis (TB): In this type of TB, the TB bacteria remain inside the body in a latent state and there are no apparent symptoms of the presence of such disease. Also, this type of TB is not contagious, though it may get active in future.

 2.    The active Tuberculosis (TB): There are definite symptoms available with such type of bacteria and this active Tuberculosis (TB) is highly contagious.

It has been estimated that around 33% of the world population is having latent TB and there is 10% chance of latent TB getting active and getting spread. Though, the chance of getting affected with TB is there for all age groups. However, people who are living in the developing countries and the young generation are more prone to get affected by such disease.

What are the symptoms of Tuberculosis (TB): The symptoms of Tuberculosis are very much variable. The symptoms of TB will vary depending on the part of the body where it has been affected. Generally, when somebody is affected with active TB, it gives a chronic feeling of weakness and tiredness. There are chances of losing weight very fast, along with lack of appetite, fever, and chill. There are different symptoms of TB depending on the area like the Pulmonary TB which is TB in lungs and here blood coming in a cough is a common incidence. Lymph node TB is very common in children and it leads to inflammation of the lymph node in the neck area. Further, the skeletal TB is accompanied by the bone pain and loss of movement and weakening of the bone. There are also other varieties of TB like the gastrointestinal TB, TB meningitis, Kidney TB, etc.

Diagnosis for TB: A Doctor normally uses a stethoscope and checks the lungs or the swelling of the lymph nodes for checking the TB. The other symptoms and medical history are also critically checked. A normal form of diagnostic test is to push a small injection for skin test below the inside of the forearm. The PPD tuberculin bacterium is injected and the site of the injection is further checked after a couple of days. If there is a red and hard bump noticed, there is a chance of TB in the patient. The skin test is not fully accurate. There are other tests like the blood tests, sputum tests, chest X-rays, etc which are also carried out to identify the presence of TB.
Treatment and prevention of TB: TB disease is not incurable if treated properly and if the right medication is administered. The MDR-TB often requires multiple drugs to get cured. The TB antibiotics are normally required to be taken for a long time. Normally, it is advisable to isolate the patient affected with the TB in order to prevent the spread of such disease. BCG vaccination is used in many countries which are administered to the children to vaccinate them against the attack of Tuberculosis (TB).


Wednesday, 21 March 2018

8 benefits of Water You Should Know about

World Water Day has celebrated annually on 22 March as a means of focusing attention on the importance of freshwater and advocating for the sustainable management of freshwater resources. Water is an essential component for the effective functioning of our body. Approximately 50 to 70% of our body mass is made up of water, including skin, tissues, cells and the organs. The Institute of Medicine has determined that the daily adequate intake of water for adult men is 3 liters and for adult women, it is 2.2 liters.

Advantages of Drinking Water

Increases Energy & Relieves Fatigue- Water helps human brain to think, focus and concentrate better and to be more alert. As an added bonus, energy levels are also boosted.

Promotes Weight Loss- Water Removes by-products of fat, reduces eating intake, reduces hunger, raises metabolism and has zero calories.

Flushes out Toxins- Water Removes toxins and waste products through perspiration, breathe, bowel movements and urination which reduces the risk of kidney stones and UTI’s (urinary tract infections).

Improves Skin Complexion- Water helps to Moisturizes skin, keeps it fresh, soft, glowing and smooth. Gets rid of wrinkles. It’s the best anti-aging treatment around.

Maintains Nutrients - Aids in digestion as water is essential to digest food and prevents constipation. Water is required to process all the nutrients from the food we eat and carry the assimilated nutrients to the cells by circulating through the lymphatic system.

Boosts Immune System- Drinking plenty of water helps fight against flu, cancer and other ailments like heart attacks.

Health Problems - Sufficient water in the body helps relieve and prevent headaches (migraines hypertension & back pains) constipation, asthma, allergy and many other health problems, which are commonly caused by dehydration.
Prevents Cramps & Sprains- Proper hydration helps keep joints lubricated and muscles more elastic so joint pains are less likely.

Wednesday, 28 February 2018

7 Things You Should Follow To Stay Safe In This Holi

Holi is one of the most colorful and vibrant festivals of India. Although the festival of Holi brings great joy with some people left suffering from skin rashes, eye allergies, and discoloration of hair. Dermatologists always advise people to be extra careful during this festival by playing with organic colors. Not just human beings, animals are also affected by the mindless application of color on them, especially stray cats and dogs.
To make the festival of spring more joyous and memorable, here are 7 safety tips that we can follow:

1) Our skin is the largest organ and it's important to protect it from synthetic colors, which often contain some harmful ingredients. So we wear clothes that cover as much of our body as possible and hair is cover with scarf or shower cap. On the uncovered part of our skin and hair apply oil or moisturizer on liberally so that it is easier to get rid of the colours later.

2) Protect our lips and eyes tightly closed while someone smeared color on our face. Our eyes can be protected by wearing sunglasses and remove contact lenses before venturing outdoors. If color enters the eyes immediately rinse them with cold water.

3) Herbal and natural colour like turmeric, tea leaves, henna, marigold flowers etc can be a very good choice for playing Holi as they don't harm skin much.

4) Use more of red or pink colors which look good and can easily take off. Gaudy purple, green, yellow, orange have more harmful chemicals in them and should be avoided.

5) Never throw balloons filled with colored water on anyone, as it may cause some internal injury. Respect our natural resources and street animals and pets. Chemical colours are extremely harmful to them.

6) The official drink of Holi, bhang when consumed in large quantities can lead to increased blood pressure and a hike in heart rate. Drink in moderate quantity and avoid mixing it with alcohol.

7) If any irritation develops after the use of colours, wash the area with cold water and apply calamine lotion and a good moisturizer.

Last and Most Important Thing If any severe complications occur, must consult with Doctors for better treatment.
Wish All of you a Happy and Safe Holi.

Friday, 9 February 2018

Things You Should Know about Worms and its Preventive measures

National Deworming Day
A Worm is a group of helminths. Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) is a significant public health concern in India. Around 68% children of 1-14 years of age (22 cores) are suffering in the country. Deworm day is especially dedicated to deworm all children (boys & girls) aged 1-19 years (enrolled and non-enrolled) at school and AWC to improve child health, nutritional status and quality of life.
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India is responsible for providing all States and UTs the benefits of this program. Other stakeholders are Ministry of Human Resource Development, Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministries of Panchayati Raj, Urban Development, Rural Development, Tribal Welfare, Drinking Water and Sanitation. In 2015, this programme was launched in 11 States/UT with the target of benefitting 10.31 crore children of 1 to 19 years whereas 8.98 crore children received a deworming tablet.
Worm infestation symptoms can be divided into 3 stages-
Stage 1
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Colic or cramping and excessive crying in infants.
  • Intestinal cramps.
  • Nausea.
  • Fever.
  • Blood in your stool.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Itchy rash.
Stage 2
If Worm larvae migrate into the lungs patient can suffer following problems-
  • Fever and breathing difficulty
  • Coughing and pneumonia
Stage 3
If Worms enter the small intestine and mature into worms and remain there to feed following Abdominal Symptoms can be seen.
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Intestinal blockage - may be partial or complete
  • Partial intestinal blockage
  • Total intestinal blockage
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Restlessness
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Worm in stool
  • Worm in vomit
It is always advisable for a person to take serious preventive measure to keep himself or others free from worms. Following preventive measure can be taken at home-
  • Safe Water: - Always we must use boiled or non-boiled purified Water for drinking purpose.
  • Vector Control: - A vector is an organism that carries or transmits disease. So, we must prevent all vector to keep away worm infections.
  • Good sanitation: - Keeping good sanitation conditions is one of the best ways to prevent the infection of worms.
  • Pollution of soil with human faeces should be avoided.
  • Vegetable should be thoroughly washed with a mild solution of Potassium permanganate and properly cooked before use.
  • Fingernails should be regularly cut to avoid the collection of dirt and eggs below them.
  • Hands should be properly washed with some antiseptic soap before touching any edibles.
Apart From that followings natural home remedies can be taken
A patient can simply eat a tablespoon of grated coconut every morning during breakfast to reduce the problem of intestinal worms.
It is also a strong anti-parasitic that helps purge all kinds of intestinal parasites. Garlic has high amounts of sulfur, sulfur-containing amino acids usually have anti-parasitic characteristics. If worms are affected, make a paste of raw garlic and Vaseline and apply around the region. This kills the eggs and reduces the itch. If three cloves of garlic are eaten every day, its antifungal property also helps in getting rid of the worms.

Papaya has long been used in Ayurveda to treat intestinal worms. Unripe papaya has been used widely in Ayurveda medicine for many ailments, including intestinal worms. The latex from unripe papaya fruit is rich in the enzyme papain, a known anthelmintic that helps purge intestinal worms. Papaya seeds also contain ricin to help expel intestinal worms. Papain effectively destroys roundworms. Grate raw papaya to extract its juice and drink a tablespoon of it with equal parts of honey and water.
Pumpkin Seeds
Pumpkin seeds have a compound called cucurbitacin that has strong anti-parasitic properties that paralyze parasites. Either chews the seeds raw or make a powder of the seeds and mix with juice. After a few hours, take a dose of laxative to cleanse your digestive tracts.
Carom Seeds (Ajwain)
Carom seeds are another effective natural remedy for intestinal parasites. Carom seeds are rich in thymol, which obstructs the growth of parasites in the intestine. Ayurveda claims that carom seeds mixed with jiggery help treat intestinal parasites.
Neem (Indian Lilac)
Neem, also known as Indian Lilac, is one of the best natural remedies for intestinal parasites. Neem has antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-parasitic characteristics that not only kill parasites but help remove toxins that are left behind by dead parasites.
Rich in beta-carotene, carrots are quite effective for flushing intestinal worms from the body. Vitamin A has been known to dissolve parasite spores. Carrots are rich sources of vitamin A, vitamin C, and zinc, with the latter two helping boost immunity.
Turmeric is an effective remedy for intestinal parasites. Turmeric has many antiseptic, antimicrobial, and antiviral properties that help flush intestinal parasites. Turmeric has also been known to help reduce bloating and other symptoms of intestinal parasites.

Apart from this, be careful of what you eat. Unhygienic food, fruits, and vegetables that have not been properly washed can lead to worm infections. Eat plenty of anti-parasitic food like blackberries, pineapple, cabbage, almonds, and pumpkin seeds. Eat plenty of carrots, sweet potatoes and squash that boost your immune system. Eat a fiber-rich diet consisting of flax seeds, beetroot and such to cleanse your system. Probiotics like those found in dairy yogurt help in keeping worms at bay.

10 symtomps of hemophilia you should know about

World Hemophilia Day is an international observance held annually on April 17 by the WFH (World Federation of Hemophilia). It is an aw...